HIPAA is the federal Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. This Law creates national standards to keep health insurance, protect the confidentiality and security of healthcare information as well as personal health information
The Goal of the program is to protect confidential information from improve use or disclosure
HIPAA Title I protects health insurance coverage for individuals who lose or change jobs. It also prohibits group health plans from denying coverage to individuals with specific diseases and pre-existing conditions, and from setting lifetime coverage limits.
The HIPAA Privacy Rule regulates the use and disclosure of Protected Health Information (PHI) held by "covered entities" (generally, health care clearinghouses, employer sponsored health plans, health insurers, and medical service providers that engage in certain transactions.)
HIPAA Title II directs the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to establish national standards for processing electronic healthcare transactions. It also requires healthcare organizations to implement secure electronic access to health data and to remain in compliance with privacy regulations set by HHS.
HIPAA Title III includes tax-related provisions and guidelines for medical care.
HIPAA Title IV further defines health insurance reform, including provisions for individuals with pre-existing conditions and those seeking continued coverage.